History of Carnival Cruise Line
Carnival Cruise Line is one of the most successful vacation cruise lines in the world. It was established in the early 1970s and by the 1990s came to ferry more passengers than any other company. In addition to building some of the world's largest ships, it had an important presence in the recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina.
Carnival Cruise Line was established in 1972 by Ted Arison. He built the company as a cost-effective, short-term cruise line. The first ship introduced to Carnival was the Empress of Canada, purchased the same year.
The first ship built specifically for Carnival Cruise Line was the TSS Mardi Gras. During its maiden voyage, the Mardi Gras ran aground on a sandbar near the Port of Miami.
During the 1980s, Carnival Cruise Line moved to become a publicly-traded entity. With its first public offering, Carnival raised $400 million and established itself as Carnival Corporation and plc.
In 1996, Carnival Cruise Line introduced the world's largest passenger ship of the era: the Carnival Destiny. It weighed an unprecedented 101,000 gross tons.
Following the disaster of Hurricane Katrina, Carnival used three of its cruise ships to serve as temporary housing for victims of the natural disaster. Chartered by the U.S. government for six months, the Holiday was docked at Mobile, Alabama, while the Ecstacy and Sensation were docked in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Jason lives and works out of Minneapolis. After 11 years of professional writing, he is the author of four books, two movies and a play as well as numerous articles for Scientific American, The History Channel, City Pages and The Onion. Jason is a graduate of the film school at USC.
Magnus Manske; GNU Free Documentation License