Costa Rica is a country located in Central America
, bordering Panama and Nicaragua. The total country population contains over four million people, with the country's capitol being San Jose. The population is 70 percent Mestizo- Native American and Spanish heritage. Other races include Afro-Caribbean
and European. The country gained its independence from Spain in 1821. The official language is Spanish.
The climate of Costa Rica vary depending on elevation of the region. The regions are: coastal, northwest, south, and central valley.
The average rainfall in the country is 100 inches annually, with September and October having the most rainfall. Higher elevations such as the mountainous areas can get up to 25 feet of rain.
The average temperature in Costa Rica ranges from 71 to 81 degrees. The coastal area is very hot and humid while the northwest area is dry and hot. The central valley region is dry and the south region is wet.
Costa Rica doesn't have distinct seasonal variations because mainly has only a spring and summer climate. Dry and rainy seasons are common that differ depending on the region. The dry season runs from December to May and the rain season runs from May to November.
Costa Rica is situated around the equator. The equator has high heat temperatures and this creates an air-in-motion type wind called a trade wind. These trade winds cause intense winds for Costa Rica from December to April.