City, which is built on the former Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, is a world-class urban area. Known as one of the largest cities in the world, Mexico City is Mexico's economic center and is known for its history, culture and nightlife.
After the Aztecs discovered Tenochtitlan, the city became the center of their empire. When Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519, he headed to Tenochtitlan and conquered it from Montezuma in 1521. The Spanish rebuilt the city and renamed it Mexico City. Mexico City still has Aztec archaeological sites, and the zócalo, or central plaza, was built on the place where Montezuma's palace one stood.
With a 2008 population of almost 19 million people, Mexico City has been ranked as the third-largest city in the world. When the surrounding areas are taken into consideration, the population grows to more than 22 million people.
Mexico City is known for its rich cultural history, which can be observed at one of the city's many museums. Additionally, performing arts are a large part of Mexico City, whose number of theaters rival only New York, Toronto and London.
Mexico City is also known for its diverse nightlife. You can head to a cantina to share drinks and food or head to one of the many salsa clubs or discos. The nightlife starts late and lasts until 3 or 4 in the morning and, in some cases, until sunrise.
With more than a thousand restaurants, not only can you enjoy local Mexican cuisine, but you can also enjoy food from all of the states in Mexico. Because of its cosmopolitan flair, Mexico City is known for its wide variety of international cuisine.
Jessica Morelock began her professional writing career in 2007, after a three-year stint as a producer and co-host on Sirius Satellite Radio. She has also worked for the airline industry and as a travel agent. She completed a bachelor's degree in political science at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.