List of Jamaica's Natural Resources

List of Jamaica's Natural Resources
List of Jamaica's Natural Resources
Jamaica is an island rich in natural beauty. It is no bigger than the state of Connecticut, with white sandy beaches of the Caribbean surrounding it. Beautiful sunsets and the sounds of the ocean are the norm for this mountainous, tropical climate. Jamaica is known for three of its top natural resources, which are bauxite, gypsum and limestone. The United States, Canada and France are Jamaica's top major trading partners.

Jamaica is the fourth-largest producer of bauxite in the world. Bauxite is a rock composed of hydrous aluminum oxides and is mostly processed into aluminum. This makes it a very important ore since you can find aluminum everywhere, from soda cans to aircrafts. Bauxite is found near the surface and harvested by surface or strip mining in which rock and soil is stripped, revealing the bauxite that lies beneath.


Gypsum is a mineral compound normally found underground near deposits of limestone. Its most common form is a white crystal. Jamaica produces about 180,000 tons of gypsum per year. It is mined in eastern Jamaica by quarrying and is used for making plaster of Paris and for the production of cement. It is the main component of sheet rock, as it is naturally resistant to heat and fire.


Limestone is a porous rock comprised of shells and bones of sea animals that have been compressed over thousands of years. Limestone is abundant in Jamaica, covering over 85 percent of the island. Jamaica has about 50 billion tons in reserve. It is essential to the production of cement, roads, pipes and paint, being used in over 85 percent of construction materials.

Based in Baltimore, Md., Karen Dietzius has been a professional writer and editor since 2005. She has been published on various websites and edited scripts for "A Work In Progress," an inspirational radio drama.